KVK, Villupuram
TNAU symbol
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
ICAR symbol
ICAR - Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Tindivanam, Villupuram District - 604 002
Tamil Nadu, India
 
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success story 1: Somu-A Messiah For Organic Agriculture

success story 2: Cultivation of cash rich horticulture crops
 
success story 3: Bitter sugarcane cultivation turns sweeter for Poorasamy
 
success story 4: Mushroom Makes Akbar a Sucessful Entrepreuner
 
success story 5: Green Manure-SRI-RFP
 
success story 6: Green Manure -Systen of Rice Intensification-Rice Fallow Pulse
success story 7: Attracting the Rural Youth towards productive agriculture

 

 

KVK, Villupuram Success stories



SUCCESS STORY 1: Somu-A Messiah For Organic Agriculture
Farmer  

Th. K. Somu

Mr. K. Somu

Contact phone Number   09442086431


Mr. K. Somu, started his life as a sailor in Indian Navy. Later he worked as a teacher in the Education Department of Puducherry and got retired as Head master in Education Department, Puducherry. He was awarded as a state level best teacher award during 2004 and state level best school garden award during 2005 by Govt. of Pondichery.  His farm consists of 3.39 acres of garden land with one open well and a borewell. Since 1985, he was interested in growing crops by following organic practices in his farm as part time. After his retirement, from 2009 onwards he is completely engaged in his farm on full time basis.
Presently, Mr. K. Somu, is a progressive farmer and III year B.FTech student of Open and Distance Learning  (ODL) programme of  TNAU with study center at KVK Tindivanam
He is cultivating fodder crops viz. Fodder Sorghum, Fodder Bajra, wood trees and bamboo (for preventing soil erosion)  along the border sides of his farm. He is cultivating crops in three tier system. He has planted tree crops viz., coconut, arecanut, oilpalm and different fruit trees as main crop and growing intercrops viz. Turmeric, Pine apple, banana, Papaya, Curry leaf, Amla, Sweet lemon, Lemon Orange. Creepers liker pepper and betelvine are also planted around coconut and Arecanut trees. Apart from agricultural and horticultural crops, he has planted 100 varieties of herbal and medicinal plants in his farm.
He is regularly incorporating green manures and green leaf manures to enrich soil. Apart from that he is preparing vermicompost and biowaste compost on his own and applying the same for soil health management. He is preparing organic inputs for spraying  viz., Panchakavya, Dasakavya, Navakavya, Amirthakaraisal, Jeevamirthakaraisal, Beejamirthakaraisal, Theimoorkaraisal, Mooligai Poochivirati, Inggi patchai millagai karaisal, vasambu kadukai thool karaisal, Vempu kootai thool karaisal, Kanajeevamirtham, Meenamilam, Mootaiamilam to protect the plants from various biotic and abiotic stresses in his farm.  Recently he is practicing the concept of biodynamics to control weed and rodents problem. He is regularly using Pongam cake, Castor cake and Illupai cake for soil application to protect the crops from soil borne pest, disease and nematodes.
He is growing turmeric as intercrop organically by using all the organic inputs for the crop management. He is controlling the weeds by using natural mulches viz., banana leaves, coconut leaves, newspapers etc. He is economically using the water at précised manner through  Drip, Sprinkler and Raingun method of irrigation. With the family support he is maintaining his farm without any labour problem.  He is harvesting the turmeric and doing the post harvest practices like cleaning, sorting, powdering, packing and marketing in 100 and 200g packets as organic turmeric for  cooking and cosmetic purpose.
As an Organic farmer he is integrating the following activities viz.  Maintaining Milch animals, Goat, Rabbit etc., he is more interested in Birds like Bengal goose, country chicks, turkey, pigeon, lovebird, Ducks etc., in his farm. He has recently dug a fish pond and installed honey bees (10 nos.) in his farm as his farm is surrounded by lot of flower crops to an extend of 4 km. Within a month period he could harvest 7 kg of honey and selling as organic honey. On trail basis he has introduced the crops like pepper, coffee, pineapple and cocoa in his farm and presently it’s establishing well.
He has registered his farm with TNOCD, Coimbatore Reg.No.TNO (F) 455 dt 22.03.2011, scope certificate Org/SC/ 1209/001406. He is an organic farmer, more interested in cultivating produces through organic farming. He is one of the progressive farmers having the ability to teach other farmers about the new technologies. He is having adequate knowledge on scientific farming with environmental conservation. His organic cultivation technologies were broadcasted in Pondicherry Doordharshan, in “Uzhavum Tholilum” programme and Chennai Doordharshan in “Pon Vilayum Boomi” programme. Similarly his successful practice of Organic Agriculture has been published  in “Pasumai Vikatan” (Monthly Agricultural Magazine).
Organic inspectors, Assistant Director, Joint Director and Director of TNOCD have visited his farm. Farmers of his village and nearby village and districts are often visiting his farm to know about organic farming.  Schools and colleges students has visited his farm to create awareness on organic cultivation. The farm produce of his organic farm are converted to value added products and directly supplied to the consumers on “Farm to Kitchen” concept. He is having 100 regular consumers for his organic product.  During 2006 he obtained National Best teacher award from Govt. of India.  Recently he was awarded as Thamizhanban 80 award for organic farming activities  during January 2014.
His future plan is to coordinate organic farmers for supplying organic fruits, vegetables and market the organic products. He is planning to conduct organic kitchen garden programme in town areas

Farm address Residential address
Kanni Nilam Garden
Srinivasapuram, Kumalam Post
via Pallinelliyanur-605107
Vikravandi Taluk, Villupuram district
Mobile No: 09442086431
Raaka maaligai,
No. 303 IInd floor
Maraimalaiadigal Salai
Nellitope,
Puducherry 605 005
Mobile No: 09442086431

SUCCESS STORY 2: Achiever Farmer in cultivation of cash rich horticulture crops

Name of the Farmer  
Manoharan
Th.M.Manoharan
Father’s Name   Th. Manickam
Gender   Male
Complete Postal Address  

Vepperi village, Marakkanam block

Contact phone Number and E –mail ID   9659545785
Land & water assets details   Wetland:2 acres, Gardenland :3 acres , Open well with 7.5 HP motor
Details of interventions made by the farmer with methodology  
I am a graduate in science belonging to a traditional agriculture family. I took up cultivation of sugarcane and paddy in my farmlands as my parents have been doing earlier in native village. My experience in agriculture is a decade old one. The problems faced by me and fellow farmers were labour shortage, constraints in water availability and avenues for marketing the produce in the village and nearby areas.  In my area there are better prospects for crop diversification and horticulture holds definite promise as we are close to city and periurban markets.   My understanding about the horticulture sector was naïve, but the proximity of my place to Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tindivanam drove me straight away a day to them. The Scientist suggested cultivation of horticulture crops after a lengthy analysis and decisions arrived at. My family also encouraged me to take up vegetable crops cultivation as I was eager to change my cropping sequence in 2.5 acres of land in the meanwhile. My association started on a positive note with the Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tindivanam like this. From that day onwards, I focused on horticulture crops, besides the cultivation of agricultural crops that included paddy, groundnut and sesame.  In my land earmarked for horticulture crops by the scientists, I laid out microirrigation system, plastic mulching, fertigation and practiced integrated crop management and such other frontline technologies as suggested by the Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tindivanam under the TN-IAMWARM project. There were many cycles on oncampus and offcampus learning exercises and exposure visits organized by the Kendra in which I actively participated. Also, I was a participant in many of the workshops, exhibitions and other extension activities of the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during this period.  I confined my cultivation to three horticulture crops viz., muskmelon, watermelon and green chillies. The goal setting given to me in crop cultivation and farm gate delivery were increasing the production, productivity and linking with market profitably. I approached the cultivation comfortably and made forward contract with buyers following the advisory services rendered by the Kendra during 2010 to 2013
Outcome  
Today my field is in the centre stage in my village because of the technological interventions I have provided. I am able to takeup year round cultivation of vegetables which previously was a nightmare for my family. The cropping sequence I followed was successful, and horizontally it has spread in my area. Choice interventions like microirrigation and fertigation, plasticulture application in horticulture with plastic mulch of thickness 30 microns, integrated crop management methods were the highlights of the practice. These interventions led to ration allocation of resources and inputs besides the improvement in manpower efficiency positively. In an area of 2.5 acres, on yearly average I achieved an yield of 21.0 tonnes/acre in watermelon, 22.5 tonnes/acre in muskmelon and 6.0 tonnes/0.5 acre in chillies. I also learnt that there is plenty of scope for marketing my produce without any hindrance as quality was never compromised. My attitude towards agriculture has entirely been changed now and I am able to provide the needed guidance for the farmers whoever visits my field plots
Lessons learnt from the farmers experience  
  • Technological backstopping, providing guidance on the choice of crops at microlevel considering the market requirement, application of proper techniques at field level were the key elements in increasing the yield and net income.
  • Integration of microirrigation is very vital in water starved areas of the district for efficient resource utilization.
  • This successful experience is a motivating factor in technology out-scaling and opportunities exists in group approach in the future
  • Cultivating high value short duration horticulture crops is favoured in view of the rich dividends    
manoharan field 1
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SUCCESS STORY 3: Bitter sugarcane cultivation turns sweeter for Poorasamy

Name of the Farmer  
Poorasamy   Farmer achieveraward

Th.P.Poorasamy

 
FARMER RECEIVES ACHIEVER AWARD
Father’s Name   Th. Perumal
Gender   Male
Complete Postal Address  

Perangiyur village
Thiruvennainallur Block, Villuppuram Dt.- 607 107

Contact phone Number and E –mail ID   8098940441/ 9944740330
Land & water assets details   Wetland:5 acres, Garden land :7 acres
Details of interventions made by the farmer with methodology  
I am a practicing farmer with 28 years of experience in sugarcane cultivation in my native village. The methods I followed earlier were conventional. In my Varaganadhi subbasin under the TN-IAMWARM project I adopted the technologies in Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative in 2011-12. I had access to the Oilseeds Research Station and Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tindivanam for all my technological requirements. I am registered ryot with M/s. Chengalvarayan Sugars, Villupuram District. I shifted over to subsurface drip irrigation system. Under the supervision of the University Scientists, I planted sugarcane cultivar CoC 24 seedlings in 2.10 acres with a spacing of 5x2 ft in my field on 14.11.2011. I adopted the drip irrigation and recommended schedule of fertigation with water soluble fertilizers and biofertilizers regularly. I effectively used the vacant area in between the rows by raising intercrop blackgram cv. VBN (Gg) 4. There were regular destrashing which were composted insitu, proper crop health care with principal focus on sugarcane borers viz., early shoot borers and internode borers. The field was regularly monitored by the Scientists and the suggestions were carried out regularly including weeding. At harvest a Field Day was held in my farm in which a galaxy of people were present to measure the yield
Outcome  
By adopting the Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative in 2.10 acres of plot area the production I obtained was 224.395 tonnes @ 106.854 tonnes/ac in the cultivar CoC 24. If computed, the productivity was  267.135 tonnes/ha. An average 18 milleable canes/clump,32 internodes/cane with Individual cane weight of 2.45 kg were recorded by a large gathering of farmers during the harvest day. A team of Scientists of the University, Officers of the Development Departments, Special Officer and other officials of M/s. Chengalvarayan Sugars, Villupuram District and others verified the production and authenticated it.  The cost of cultivation was  Rs. 83728/acre  that included part of the investment on microirrigation and fertigation system. The realization from the main crop was Rs. 251107/acre. The net profit was Rs. 167,378/acre. Through this innovative methodology, I could enhance the crop yield, doubled the productivity and reduced the cultivation costs phenomenally. In this process, I obtained a gross yield of 460 kg/ac blacgram that fetched me a net income of Rs. 13500/acre. The information on the phenomenal yield I obtained was made known through the media. Farmers and officials from states like Andhrapradesh, Maharastra, Karnataka besides our own have been visiting my field regularly mow for field study
Lessons learnt from the farmers experience  
The Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative is feasible as the technologies adoptable and resource conservation oriented. The yield could be enhanced and the concept of doubling the productivity and increasing the farm income to attractive levels is a reality in this commercial crop. Additive effects were obtained by integrating a short duration crop like blackgram. The soil was also enriched by this N fixing crop. The ratoon in this field is very robust and vigorous. Insitu crop mulching, regular drip and fertigation and such other practices are to be followed regularly for the success of the technology. Resource conservation methods like insitu composting of trashes changed the soil biodynamics and improved the soil conditions. The achievement made by this farmer could become a regular expression in the future if other sugarcane farmers practice the method expeditiously.   
 
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SUCCESS STORY 4: Mushroom Makes Akbar a Sucessful Entrepreuner

Name of the Farmer  
Akbar
Th.B.Akbar
Father’s Name   Th. Basheer
Gender   Male
Complete Postal Address  

V12/3Bhutan Sahib street,
Tindivanam, Villuppuram Dt.- 604 001

   
 
Contact phone Number and E –mail ID   9659545785
   
 
Land & water assets details   No lands owned
     
Details of interventions made by the farmer with methodology  
I was leading a simple life as an autorickshaw driver in Tindivanam until 2008. The earnings were low and recognition was dismally poor. My drive to earn more and lead a respectable life forced to search of an alternate employment. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra organized an awareness programme on Milky mushroom cultivation and I was a participant in it. A new life was leased in and I started practicing mushroom cultivation with my family. I attended many of the on campus skill trainings, group discussions, exhibitions etc. The University also gave me a set of equipments which enabled me to take up mushroom tissue culture, spawn production in addition to regular cultivation of the milky mushroom. I also started the Bismi Milky Mushroom Growers Association and registered it under Societies Act. I faced initial production problems and troubleshooting sessions were conducted which finetuned my production system and methodologies. Following the success in the crop cultivation, I took up value addition in mushroom. Besides the milky mushroom we also use oyster and button mushrooms procured from other sources. Today we have atleast 33 different preparations that range from ready to serve preparations to biscuits and powder forms of it. Today the members of the Bismi Group have acquired the dexterity in handling the primary equipments in cultivation and secondary equipments in value addition. Now I am a full-fledged entrepreneur with significant social recognition.
Outcome  
The income rose up and my monthly profit on an average is around Rs. 35,000/-. A production of 40-50 kg mushroom was maintained. Now I am in the process of acquiring land in a prime location for expanding my business. As a businessman I have not engaged middlemen in this profession and my team effectively assists in the business. There is better coordination in day to day activities in cultivation and value addition. The members of my group have been provided lucrative payments on monthly basis that has enhanced the livelihoods besides social recognition. The Tamil Nadu Agricultural University and Krishi Vigyan Kendra appreciated my efforts and citations were given recently for the entrepreneurship in mushroom production and value addition.
     
Lessons learnt from the farmers experience  
  • Mushroom cultivation and value addition can be promoted as a micro and small enterprise in the rural areas in view of the profitability, social acceptability and the growing demand for the produce and products.
  • Since the cultivation and value addition involves material components and equipments financial assistance is required for the entrepreneurs.
  • The milky mushroom with extended shelf-life has a definite place in the city market and there is growing demand for it.
  • Value added mushroom products with branding holds the key to future of mushroom
 
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Success story 5: Green Manure-SRI-RFP

Name of the Farmer :
Mr. V.Appadurai
Mr. V.Appadurai
Father’s Name :   S/o Venkatesan
Gender Male
Complete Postal Address : Throuwbathy Amman Koil Street
Omipper Village, Marakkanam Block, Villupuram
Age : 26
Educational qualification : Diploma
Landholding (in ha) :   3 ha
Farming experience (in years) 10 years
Name of crops/ livestock / other   enterprises adopted by the farmer : Paddy, sugarcane and Pulses
Variety cultivated : CR 1009
Season : Samba
Farmers experience   Hearing about the scheme, TN-IAMWARM Nallavur sub basin, which is being operated at Omipper village, Marakkanam block immediately implemented SRI rice technology under Green manure-SRI-Rice fallow pulse cropping sequence in 2 acres of his land. SRI technology clicked in Mr. Appadurai’s field, which became the attractive spot for the other famers since his field is in road corner. The paddy filed under Rajarajan 1000 technology gave such an attractive sight through its uniformity of growth, abundance of productive tillers and ability to withstand against lodging as of conventional method of planting White Ponni variety.
          Mr. Appadurai’s field soon became a training platform for farmers and RAWE students from AdiParasakthi Agricultural and Horticultural College, Kalavai who were brought for an exposure of the Rajarajan 1000 technology, as a result number of farmers are converted from conventional method of rice planting to Rajarajan 1000 technology.
            Mr. Appadurai adopted all the key cultivation aspects in Rajarajan 1000 technology and has very much impressed on weeder operation and its churning action which triggers the tillering activity. He is also happy because of his bumper harvest along with the water saving through the technology.
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Success story 6 :  Green Manure -Systen of Rice Intensification-Rice Fallow Pulse

Name of the Farmer :
Mr. P.Sethuraman
Mr. P.Sethuraman
Father’s Name :   S/o Palani
Gender Male
Complete Postal Address : Aanpakkam Village, Vanur Tk
Villupuram Dt
Contact phone Number   9944126209
Age : 33 years
Educational qualification : Degree
Landholding (in ha) :   6 ha
Farming experience (in years) 15 years
Name of crops/ livestock / other   enterprises adopted by the farmer : Paddy, Pulses and vegetables
Variety : ADT 39
Season : Samba
Farmers experience   Mr. P.Sethuraman, one of the progressive farmer heard about the scheme, he himself approached the KVK and went for the cultivation of GM-SRI-RFP cropping sequence. He is an organic farmer, more interested in cultivating produces through organic farming. He is also one of the technocraft farmer having the ability to teach other farmers about the new technologies. He is having adequate knowledge on scientific farming along with environmental conservation. He is also happy by the supply of quality bio inputs from the scheme and he was also impressed by the trainings given by the KVK. By knowing him through Auroville, NGO, Pondy, Scientists from Netheralnd approached him for the supply of organic produces from him. The scientists satisfied with his scientific approaches by using bioinputs and asked him to supply the farm products to the NGO. This is an evidence for his scientific organic farming and he is also happy because of his increased yield through Rajarajan 1000 technology and also the water conservation. His field has been also visited by Professor B.J.Pandian and he appreciated his hard work and scientific organic farming which is essential for sustainability.   
Success story 7 : Attracting the Rural Youth towards productive agriculture ( Market linked melon production )
Name of the Farmer  
Akbar
Th.B.Karthikeyan
Father’s Name   Th. Boobalan
Gender   Male
Complete Postal Address  

50,Nedun Streeet,
Alankuppam & post,
Marakkanam Block,
Villupuram Dist

   
 
Contact phone Number and E –mail ID   9940883829
   
 
Land & water assets details   7 acres
     
Details of interventions made by the farmer with methodology  
Name of the enterprise: Market linked melon production
   

1.Interventions of KVK with quantitative data support
1. Pre and post interventions survey
i. Pre intervention survey:

Mr. Karthikeyan is a graduate and holds MBA degree from a reputed University of the State. He hails from Alanguppam village and has taken up agriculture as his prime occupation. The youth has been adopting scientific method of cultivation in casuarinas, groundnut and vegetables in his native village, which is noted for vegetable and casuarinas cultivation for a long period of time.  
ii. Post interventions survey:
In 2010, Mr.. Karthikeyan approached KVK for crop diversification and water saving method of cultivation which put together gives regular income to his family. The KVK enrolled him under the TN-IAMWARM Nallavur Sub-Basin for precision farming in vegetables after detailed discussions. The concept of microirrigation in vegetables impacted his agricultural operation. His farmlands came out as his experimental ground. He expanded the microirrigation infrastructure in three years from a beginning of one hectare to 6 hectares.  He empanelled later into a private microirrigation concern for input supply. Mr. Kartihick gained the needed skill in portray maintenance of melon seedlings, transplanting under mulching, implementation of the right production technology, identification of all the maladies persisting in melon farming and adoption of corrections. During the period he established forward contracts with buyers in Chennai, Puducherry, Salem, Bangalore for the marketing of the farm produce. Having become a master trainer and rural technocrat, Mr. Karthikeyan  is advising the fellow farmers on the latest methods in microirrigation, crop mulching, watermelon and muskmelon production in tune with the market demand in his area.

   

2. Trainings
1. Trainings Undertaken
Mr. Karthikeyan underwent several oncampus trainings organized by the Kendra in his native place and surrounding villages. Besides, he attended some of the oncampus programme given below.

Date

Topic

Training type

Location

28.9.2011

Precision farming in vegetable crops

On Campus

KVK, Tindivanam

24.2.2012

Improved Production Practices for watermelon

On Campus

KVK, Tindivanam

4.10.2012

Precision farming in Sugarcane

On Campus

KVK, Tindivanam

2. As Resource person for the Trainings organized by the KVK
From 2011 onwards Mr. Karthikeyan  has been utilized by the KVK, Villupuram as resource person


Date

Topic

Training type

21.12.2011

Precision farming in Horticultural Crops

Exposure visit

24.12.2011

Precision farming in Horticultural Crops

Exposure visit

3.1.2012

Precision farming in Vegetable  Crops

Exposure visit

7.2.2012

Precision farming in watermelon

Exposure visit

3. Demonstrations
The technology demonstration exercises were carried out in his field on several occasions during the exposure visits organized by the KVK.

4. Field days, group meeting etc
The rural youth has arttended four field days along with the trainees of precision farming  organized by KVK, Tindivanam. Besides, he has participated in the many group discussion during the visit of delegations to his place. The District Collector, World Bank Team, Afghan Delegation are some of the noteworthy groups of visitors to his fields during 2012-13.


Date

Topic

Training type

Location

7.5.2012

Precision farming in watermelon

Field day

Alangkuppam

3.9.2012

Harvesting of Watermelon and Muskmelon

Field day

Alangkuppam

21.2.2013

Harvesting of Watermelon

Field day

Alangkuppam

1.3.2013

Ethrel spray in watermelon

Field day

Alangkuppam

5. Publicity and marketing
He is one among the farmers to adopt drip fertigation and mulching in growing vegetable crops viz. watermelon, muskmelon and brinjal. The profit gained and water saving technology adopted by him has presently motivated other farmers to grow the crops under mulching with drip unit for growing vegetable crops. 

4. Time line of entrepreneurship development of entrepreneur
2009--Mr. Karthikeyan became a farmer
2010--Project farmer and adoption of microirrigation technology
2011--Crop mulching and application of plasticulture in horticulture+area expansion
2012--Dynamic market linkage
2013—Member of the periurban vegetable production cluster

5.Technical components in the enterprise
Cultivation of vegetables (watermelon, muskmelon and brinjal) under drip fertigation with mulching technology, marketing of the produce.
Raw materials
Drip unit, Mulching sheet, vegetables (watermelon, muskmelon and brinjal)
Process (methodology)
The methodology followed for cultivation of vegetables are as per the horticulture guide developed by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
Man power involvement: Family labour 4 members and hired labourers as per requirement
Package and handling
The products are directly marketed to nearby periurban market Chennai.

6. Cost benefit ratio


S. No

Particulars

Cost benefit ratio

1

Watermelon

1:2.9

2

Muskmelon

1:5.7

Outcome  

1. Status of entrepreneur before and after the enterprise
Mr. Karthikeyan had an ancestral property of 7 acres of land in Alanguppam, Marakanam Block of Villupuram District. The whole family was engaged in cultivation of paddy, groundnut and brinjal in their land. After entering into precision farming technology, he is growing 3 crops of watermelon and muskmelon per year.  This has provided him year round agricultural employment. Presently he has taken 15 acres of land on lease and cultivating watermelon and muskmelon on large scale. His status in the society has grown.

    2. Present working condition of enterprise in terms of raw material, labour availability, consumers preference, marketing the produce etc parameters (i.e economic viability of the enterprise)
Presently through State Horticulture Department he has joined as active member in vegetable growers association for vegetable collection center at Alanguppam village. He is procuring all the vegetables grown in his area and supplying directly to the whole sale market without middle man interference.
   

3. Horizontal spread of enterprise
The area under drip fertigation and mulching in growing vegetable crops viz. watermelon, melon and brinjal has increased to an extent of 5 ha during 2010 to 38 ha during 2013. Presently, the Kendra under village saturation model is bringing in additionally 80 hectares under precision farming.

Akbar Akbar
View of the muskmelon field of the entrepreneur Demonstration of technology by the entrepreneur
Recognitions/awards received by the entrepreneur  

His farm has been identified as a learning ground for precision farming technology and many farmers have visited his farm during their exposure visit in Precision farming.

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